How-To Read a Floor Concept Plan

Drafting a floor concept plan is one of the primary steps to beginning any construction process, whether it is residential or commercial. There are several working parts, each significant in its own way, and are standard across the industry for all plans.

There are several types of drawings, or plans, because every element of a project site cannot be addressed on a single sheet of paper. Therefore, there are civil, architectural, structural, mechanical, plumbing, piping, hydraulic, and electrical plans that encompass a single structure’s requirements before construction can take place. We are going to focus on architectural plans.

“Blueprints are like a road map…you set a course but adjust according to unprecedented changes along the way” commented Kevin Smith, Vice President, Commercial Business Unit Leader.

A floor concept plan is made-up of a combination of lines, each meaning something different:

Next, there is specific information that should almost always be included. A concept floor plan should depict the exterior and interior walls, the size and location of windows and doors, built-ins and permanent fixtures, stairs, room names, location and size dimensions, the drawing scale, material symbols, and walks/patios/decks if applicable.

Further, there are abbreviations used when executing a floor plan just like there is construction jargon used on and off the field. However, it is important to keep in mind that some abbreviations vary across units, such as what is used for commercial versus heavy civil projects.

Basic Definitions

Title Blocks: important to the overall drawing; contain information not given directly on the drawing with dimensions or notes; beginning point of a drawing’s information (think, title of the project, name and address of the client, name and address of the architectural company, date of completion of the drawing package, scale of the drawing, drawing number, and the architect’s professional stamp)

Revision Block: notes any changes made to a drawing

North Arrow: indicates the north direction and therefore the orientation of the building in relation to the sun

Symbols: represent plumbing, electrical, fixtures, doors, windows, and other objects in a house or building

Material Symbols (or Material Hath Patters): used to denote each material (think, frame, brick, concrete, stone, wood, tile, glass, steel, aluminum, marble, and insulation)

Scale: a relationship of the size or distance of the item on a drawing to the real item

Dimensions: show the size and location of the features on a floor plan; continuous lines with the dimension figure placed above the line; recorded in feet and inches

Dimensioning System: fractional inch, decimal inch, and the SI metric

Perspective: a method of drawing things as the eye sees them (think, vanishing point)

Drawing Legend(s): boxes drawn to illustrate some of the common or uncommon symbols used

Single Line Drawings (or Schematics): represents all electrical lines, plumbing, air lines, hydraulic lines, and piping, regardless of size, as a single line

Isometric Drawings: designed to show a three-dimensional view of an object

Orthographic Drawings: shows the drawn object from different views (think, left side, top view, front, bottom, right side, rear, and projection view)


“Handy” Construction Terms Everyone Should Know

The construction industry is not only vibrant and collaborative, but prominent and established. Therefore, a lot of jargon comes with the territory.

It is a challenge to know exactly what is going on all the time, especially in construction where deals are fast-paced but the work takes time. That’s why Reeves Young designed a guide for construction jargon, equipment, laws, regulations, and requirements. You deserve to know the ins and outs of what we do here. So…

We are being as transparent as possible with our operations through this terms guide. We hope you find it helpful and learn something along the way whether you are an experienced professional or just starting out! Let’s get started:


Now that you have studied the terms, are you an expert in construction terminology yet? Test your knowledge with our quiz below:

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Welcome to the Team, Summer 2019 Interns!

It is officially summer time! For some, this means laying by the pool and reading a good book, but for others, it means gaining life experience and building professional relationships in the workplace.

This group of nineteen individuals have dedicated their summer plans to gaining valuable life experience and building relationships with professionals in the construction industry. They come from all over to do this too – The University of Florida, Purdue University, Clemson University, Auburn University, Kennesaw State University, The University of Georgia, Georgia Southern, local high schools, and more. They will be joining us in the Heavy Civil, Commercial, and Water Resource Business Units as well as in Preconstruction, Human Resources, Accounting, Safety, Marketing, and Business Development.

Meet Some of Our Interns

Brennan Small, Heavy Civil Business Unit

“My responsibilities this summer are to work on pay apps for the City of Atlanta as well as create as-builts for completed projects in the city. I interned with Reeves Young last summer and really enjoyed my time here which is why I chose to come back. I learned a great deal about project management and some of the daily tasks a project manager accomplishes. I came back this summer because I wanted to learn more about the tasks performed as well as continue to grow off of what I learned last year. I also love the atmosphere around the office and am very appreciative of how helpful everyone is.”

Tucker Trapp, Hyatt Place Centennial Olympic Park

“I am in charge of developing meeting minutes, reviewing close-out documentation, coordinating the finishes for the lobby area, and assisting in any other way that I can. I chose Reeves Young because of how they treat their employees. In such a tight-scheduled, business-minded field, it would be easy to disregard your employees and keep your focus on making the extra dollar. However, with RY, Kevin Smith treated me with the utmost respect without even knowing me on the first day. They are also continually doing things for the community, their field workers, and their families. This summer, I hope to gain some valuable experience working with both the office and on site. My hope is that I will be able to split up my time and learn a little bit from each side. Coming off of three office internships, I believe it is important that I spend some time in the field before beginning my career in December!”

Lindsey Adams, Preconstruction

“Precon has a lot of responsibilities, but my main focus is to perform takeoffs and talk to subcontractors about pricing. I chose Reeves Young because I really enjoyed working with them last year in the Project Management Department doing commercial construction. I love how everyone works together here. RY could not accomplish what it has if it did not have such a great team. I also love that the people who work here want to teach and ensure you are not lost along the way. This summer, I hope to learn more about the construction industry in general. I hope that I will get to use what I have learned in school this summer on-the-job and also apply what I learn from this internship to my future classes.”

Parker Everson, Marketing & Business Development  

“As a marketing intern at Reeves Young, I do a lot of market research, assembling hard cover books for bids, and updating the Pipeline, which is an Excel document that organizes all of the potential work for RY. This summer, I hope to determine which area of business I want to study and what major will relate to that when I apply for college next year.”

Aashka Patel, Human Resources

“With my interest in the business-management field, I saw interning at Reeves Young as an amazing opportunity to not only gain experience, but to also see firsthand how a successful company functions. Reeves Young always places high value on their employees and encourages me to learn, grow, and innovate daily. I look forward to understanding the corporate world in a manner that goes beyond the classroom. With college approaching, I hope to strengthen my background in this area, allowing me to excel as a student and a future professional in this industry.”

What Do Some of Those Construction Terms Mean?

Pay app: A pay app outlines all the work completed, materials being used and labor required for specific jobs, and outlines how much each costs. It keeps track of what’s already been paid and what still needs to be paid for. (Source: Brennan Small)

As-built: A drawing created after construction has been completed. These drawings show exactly where everything was constructed, and the purpose of this is to show if there were any changes made to the original plan and where these changes occur. (Source: Brennan Small)

On-Screen Takeoff:  A construction estimating and takeoff solutions software for contractors and construction professionals. The software offers tools for estimating, managing bids, and having project visibility. Both commercial and residential contractors across various types of trades use On-Screen Takeoff for streamlining their construction operations. (Source:

Bluebeam: A software used for converting Microsoft documents and CAD drawings into PDF format. The application caters to professionals in diverse fields, including architecture, engineering, mobility, general contractors, specialty contractors, structural steel, oil and gas, and government services. (Source:

Procore: A cloud-based construction management software application that helps firms increase their project efficiency and accountability by providing streamlined project communication and documentation. (Source:

What Is It Like to Be an Intern at Reeves Young?

The Reeves Young Internship & Cooperative Education Program was established four years ago and is heavily supported by CEO and President, Eric Young, as well as everyone in and out of the office. The program represents the old and the new, the experienced and the young, those skilled in a trade and those just starting out. It provides a middle ground for fast-paced interns and the construction industry, which requires time for high quality production.

The RY interns stand out in the professional world because we value our employees and give our interns significant responsibilities. Reeves Young runs lean, so interns are given important tasks from the get-go. We ask ourselves, “What do we need done now?” and then divide the work among each department accordingly. We consider our interns to be employees, which comes with higher expectations, but ultimately gives our students the opportunity to see their hard work come to life. We truly value our employees and the hard work they put day in, day out.

“We do not just want our employees to hear about their hard work and the finished projects. We want them to feel like the work they put in is valued and recognized as significant because it is,” shared Morgan Collette, HR Generalist.

Work hard, play harder is not taken lightly around the office and on site. RY hosts 20-25 events every year – including Spring Challenge Field Day, Family Day at Lake Lanier, Holiday Luncheons, and more. Stop by our office and you’ll see our employees decked out in RY swag too – t-shirts, cups, hats, and book bags are in no short supply here.

Sounds great, huh? Join us next summer – apply online at